Why Are Brothels Not Legal

Nevada law prohibits advertising and prostitution unless it takes place in a licensed brothel. State law prohibits licensed brothels in counties with a population of 700,000 or more (currently Clark County, where Las Vegas is located). With the exception of some rural districts in Nevada, brothels are illegal in the United States. [36] However, many otherwise legal massage parlors, saunas, spas, and similar establishments serve as fronts for prostitution, especially in large cities. They are usually located in cities or along major highways. [37] When tippel areas, or areas where street prostitutes could legally work, were opened in major cities in the Netherlands, researchers found a 30 to 40 percent drop in reports of rape and sexual abuse in the first two years after they began. In Dutch cities that have allowed sex workers who can legally work in these areas, rape and sexual abuse have dropped by up to 40 percent. [47] The existence of regulated prostitution generally implies that prostitution outside the regulated context is illegal. Only 10 counties in Nevada allow prostitution, and even then, only in licensed brothels. Churchill County allows prostitution, but the last brothel licence was abandoned in 2004. It seems highly unlikely that anyone can currently say beyond a shadow of a doubt whether the State Department`s preferred approach to combating the demand for or the legalized prostitution route is the policy that best reduces sex trafficking. However, it seems clear that there are reasons to be concerned about the effectiveness of legalization. Despite all its theoretical complaints, it ultimately cannot function as intended.

In 2020, some elected officials introduced bills to legalize prostitution in the state, but they did not receive broad support. [50] However, the state repealed an anti-vagrancy law that critics said discouraged street prostitution and targeted transgender people. [51] [52] Prostitution is illegal in Clark, Washoe, Carson City, Pershing, Douglas, Eureka, and Lincoln counties. These include Las Vegas and Reno, as well as the state capital. If fears that legalization can both help traffickers make excuses and stimulate demand for illicit supply are justified, then the policy in question could be linked to a higher prevalence of trafficking. Some studies suggest that this may be the case. A paper analyzing up to 150 countries suggests that “countries where prostitution is legal experience higher reported trafficking flows.” A study of two different data sources on human trafficking in Europe also concluded that sex trafficking “is more prevalent in countries where prostitution is legalized.” In my own research on the same topic, I also found findings suggesting a link between legal prostitution and sex trafficking. “Putting a price on a person or body part is inhumane to me,” she said. “Now I`m totally against it, I want everything shut down and I want it to be illegal throughout the country and the world.” The state`s first brothels date back to Nevada`s early mining days in the 19th century. Elsewhere in the country, the sale of sexual services was one before the 20th anniversary of the sale of sexual services. It was banned by vagrancy and “road” bans, which reportedly restricted the activities of prostitutes outside domestic brothels.

However, some army officers encouraged the presence of prostitutes during the civil war to maintain morale. On August 20, 1863, U.S. military commander Brigadier General Robert S. Granger legalized prostitution in Nashville, Tennessee, to curb venereal diseases among Union soldiers. The movement was successful, and STD rates dropped from forty percent to just four percent due to a rigorous check-up program that required all prostitutes to register and be examined by a certified doctor every two weeks, for which they had to pay five dollars in registration fees plus 50 cents. [3] In today`s society, there is a hierarchy between prostitutes and an even stronger distinction between domestic workers and outside workers. Indoor prostitutes occupy the upper level, including independent call girls and workers in brothels and massage parlors. Outdoor street walkers occupy the lowest level and are more likely to be abused. [31] 250 prostitutes, including 150 field workers and 125 domestic workers, were interviewed as part of a victimization study. Weitzer, R (2005) found that interior workers experienced less harm than field workers: would legalizing prostitution increase human trafficking? Not necessarily.

“By this logic, the state of Nevada should be flooded with foreign sex slaves, which raises the question of what steps the Department of Justice is taking to free them,” writer David Feingold noted dryly in Foreign Policy in 2005. Countries where prostitution is legal – Australia, Germany, the Netherlands – are not cesspools. On the other hand, they have also not seen that the demand for prostitution has decreased, and sometimes it is increasing. Of course, the evidence here is not conclusive at all. It is important to note that none of these three surveys establishes a strong causal link; They are all primarily interested in correlation. And other newspapers have found different results regarding the possible impact of legalizing prostitution. In addition, data on sex trafficking are generally poor and research on the subject is extraordinarily difficult. It is also true that prostitution laws have consequences that go beyond the realm of modern slavery. Policymakers need to address not only trafficking in human beings for sexual exploitation, but also other factors, such as the well-being of those who voluntarily engage in prostitution. As attorney general, Eliot Spitzer had no problem prosecuting a “sophisticated prostitution ring.” As governor, he apparently had no trouble treating one with condescension.

Hypocrisy speaks for itself. But what about the oldest question about the oldest profession: why exactly is prostitution illegal? In 1999, Sweden became the first country to make it illegal to pay for sex but not to be a prostitute (the client commits a crime, but not the prostitute). Similar legislation has been adopted in Norway and Iceland (2009). Canada (2014)[15], France (2016)[16], the Republic of Ireland (2017)[17] and Israel (2018; from 2020)[18][19] have also adopted a similar model to the Nordic countries (excluding Denmark and Finland). During the American Civil War, Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington had become an unsavory slum known as Murder Bay, home to a vast criminal underclass and numerous brothels. So many prostitutes settled there to meet the needs of General Joseph Hooker`s Army of the Potomac that the area became known as “Hooker`s Division.” (The colloquial term “”) dates from this period.) Two blocks between Pennsylvania and Missouri Avenue became brothels so expensive that they became known as “Marble Alley.” [4] But tourists who want to take advantage of all the state`s vices should be wary: there are strict limits on where sex can be sold, and even people who have worked in brothels are divided on whether Nevada`s model is good. Nevada is the only U.S. jurisdiction that allows legal prostitution.

Currently, eight of Nevada`s seventeen counties have active brothels (all are rural counties); As of February 2018, there were 21 brothels in Nevada. [43] Prostitution outside of licensed brothels is illegal throughout Nevada. Prostitution is illegal in the large metropolitan areas of Las Vegas, Reno and Carson City, where the majority of the population lives; More than 90% of Nevada citizens live in a county where prostitution is illegal. Hsiang and Sekar`s study proves a broader point: if legalization changes the nature of supply and demand, politics cannot lead to an intentional reduction in illegal production. It goes without saying that ivory trafficking and prostitution are very different practices. However, the relevant question for eradicating exploitative suppliers is only to what extent the market dynamics between the two industries are comparable. And there seem to be notable similarities. Prostitution itself is legal, but the participation of third parties is generally prohibited. Advertising is also often prohibited. This model recognizes that a prostitute may choose to work in commerce, but the law is designed to prevent prostitution from impacting the public. An example of a country where this system exists is England. [26] Street prostitution is illegal throughout the United States.

Street prostitution tends to be concentrated in certain areas known for advertising. For example, statistics on official arrests by the Chicago Police Department from August 19, 2005 to May 1, 2007 suggest that prostitution activity is highly concentrated: nearly half of all arrests for prostitution take place in a small third of one percent of all city blocks in Chicago. [28] Street prostitutes who exchange sex for drugs are sometimes referred to as “strawberries.” [29] In 1967, New York City lifted licensing requirements for massage parlours.